God particle found?

BY BEN GILLILAND

Large Hadron Collider Length: 27km Depth:  50-150m Weight 38,000 tonnes Cost: £4billion +

Every object we see or touch is made up of matter which has mass (it weighs something)and all matter is made up of atoms. In turn, atoms are made up particles, electrons, protons, quarks etc. (diagram above)
So,if all matter has mass and all matter is made up entirely of particles, that must mean that particles have mass?
Yes and no
Eh?

In the physical world, they do have mass - the lightest particle is the electron and the heaviest is the top quark. Unfortunately, on paper they don't have mass. According to the 'standard model' - a theory devised to explain how sub-atomic particles interact - all elementary particles were created in the Big Bang with no mass at all.
So on one hand, we know particles have mass and on the other, we know that they can't have mass?

To explain this paradox a physicist called Peter Higgs proposed that everything is permeated by a field similar to the electromagnetic field. As massless particles travel through this 'Higgs field' they interact with it and appear to acquire mass - the greater the interaction, the more mass they will appear to gain.
So where does the Higgs boson come in?
Well, we know from quantum theory that every field has an associated particle (electromagnetic fields have the photon) so there must be a particle associated with the Higgs field. This theoretical particle is called the Higgs boson. Finding the Higgs boson would prove that the Higgs field exists, explain how particles with no mass can make up matter that has mass, and prove that the standard model is correct.

It exists only on paper an intangible idea plucked from the ether by a scientist seeking a solution to the unsolvable - yet it has been called the Holy Grail of particle physics. Its discovery could provide answers to some of the most important questions about life the universe and everything, and guarantees a Nobel Prize to those who find it first. The Higgs boson as it is known, is an elementary particle that remains the only undetected element of particle physics' theoretical masterpiece: the 'standard model'. Finding the Higgs, then, is pretty big potatoes.

Millions of pounds and the collective intellects of thousands of physicists have been spent constructing massive machines, called particle accelerators, designed to smash atoms into their component parts in the hope that the Higgs will pop out.
The newest of these is due to start 'operating next year. Called the Large Hadron Collider (LRC), it has cost the EU more than £4billion and will be the most powerful such device every built. But what if someone has already found it?
In recent weeks, a rumour has been flying around physics departments and the Internet that researchers working at Tevatron, the largest working accelerator, located just outside Chicago, have done just that.Which would be 'very bad news indeed for the LHC as its reason for existing - finding Higgs and confirming the 'standard model' - will have been taken away overnight and billions of pounds will have been pretty much wasted. But why the fuss over something so mundanely named as the standard model'?


Well. the theory attempts to understand how the smallest building blocks of nature - particles - interact to enable them to create you, me and everything in the universe. The theory seems to work in almost all its aspects except when it comes to explaining what gives particles their mass.
Some particles, like photons, are massless; yet others are quite heavy. Unfortunately, according to the standard model', they should all have no mass at all. The Higgs boson was proposed as a way to explain away this problem. So, should Tevatron confirm the rumours (which could happen in the next few weeks) it would not only steal the LHC's thunder but also its reason to exist.
Because if the Higgs boson were proved to exist and if it fitted the requirements of the 'standard model', there wouldn't be much left for the LRC to find. In fact, the 'standard model' predicts that, in order to find anything new, you would need a collider roughly a quadrillion times more powerful than the LHC - that would mean a machine with a circumference of the Milky Way. You really do have to think big to find small.

How will they find it? By hurling two beams of protons around the 27km ring and smashing them together at close to the speed of light. These sub-atomic particles collide at energies that cause the laws that hold them together ('the standard model'} to break down, recreating conditions that existed less a billionth of a second after the Big Bang. Detectors will then trace and analyse the particles that emerge from the collisions in the hope that somewhere among them is the Higgs boson.


John is obviously one of those who are ignorant of Quantum Physics,As Kris rightly says,something from nothing DOES happen in QP and God cannot exist without the theists "first cause" just as Adam says. The Higgs is NOT "how God created the universe". It is not named the "God particle" because God made it - it was named the "god-damn hard to find particle" and since it creates all matter - has been tagged with the name "God" merely by those wishing to get more publicity. The notion of God cannot be pushed back into the gap left by physics - and notably that gap is a VERY small place.


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